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Why Are My Gums Bleeding?

By Dr. Tina Mukai, Premier Dental Group HI Waipahu

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Do you often see blood in the sink when spitting after brushing? If you only rarely notice gum bleeding it could just be a minor issue. Maybe you brushed or flossed too hard and cut your gums by accident. We would recommend that you brush gently at the gumline, and use regular floss (not the flossers with the handles) so you can curve the piece of floss around your teeth to avoid further traumatizing the area.

Gingivitis & Periodontal Disease

Gum bleeding is a sign of disease and means you need to brush more thoroughly at the gumline to remove plaque that you may be missing with your toothbrush. We also suggest that you floss more frequently to remove the bacteria between your teeth that is causing the inflammation. We recommend brushing twice a day and flossing every night.

If your gums are bleeding frequently, then you may be experiencing gingivitis, which is a reversible inflammation of the gums. Gum bleeding could also be a sign of a much more serious condition called periodontal disease which is irreversible and requires treatment right away to stop the progression of the disease and prevent pain and tooth loss.

Spontaneous Gum Bleeding

If your gums bleed spontaneously, it could be a sign of severe gum disease or it could an indication of other systemic medical issues like uncontrolled diabetes or a more serious condition. So if you notice your gums are bleeding unprovoked, it’s critical that you see a dentist and a physician immediately. Don’t put it off.

The Importance of Regular Cleanings

It’s also important to visit your dentist regularly for cleanings so they can take measurements to determine the health of your gums and bone around the teeth, clean your teeth and remove any calculus buildup above and below the gums. Tartar or calculus develops if plaque is left behind for an extended period of time and becomes hardened or calcified with the minerals in your saliva.

If calculus is not removed on a regular basis, it’s more likely to attract more bacteria and plaque. That’s where we see the calculus causing secondary problems with gum bleeding and bone loss around your teeth. No matter how well you brush and floss you won’t be able to remove calculus. Fortunately, we have special instruments that allow us to remove it for you.

If you are experiencing bleeding gums, contact us today to schedule an appointment.

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