Oral surgery is a highly sophisticated and important branch of dentistry. For dentists to become oral surgeons, they will have to go through several years of additional training after completing dental school. They also, sometimes, go by the name maxillofacial surgeons. The dentist will perform oral surgery after a thorough diagnosis and determine the patients’ candidacy for the operation.
Commonly performed oral surgeries
Dental surgeries can be considered as a combination of dentistry as well as medicine, as they involve traits of both these streams. In simple words, oral surgery is the diagnosis and surgical treatment of the mouth and surrounding facial features. Some of the common types of oral surgeries are as follows:
Oral trauma: Injury to the mouth can be common for athletes. In most cases, it would be the injured soft tissues of the mouth that would have resulted in bleeding. A minimal amount of treatment would suffice for such injuries. But, when the extent of the injury is too severe, such as a broken or avulsed tooth, surgery would be required to treat it.
Facial fracture: A bad fall or a hard blow to the face could result in a fractured or cracked jaw. This condition can be highly painful and will require immediate surgery.
Implant placement: When a patient has a missing tooth, the best option to treat it is using a dental implant. The procedure for placing an implant requires surgery, where the metal implant stud will be inserted into the jawbone. A ceramic, tooth-like crown will be placed on it to restore the lost tooth.
Bone graft: A bone graft will be necessary when the jawbone volume is too less to place an implant. In that case, the dentist will extract bone tissues from a different source and graft it to the deteriorated area.
Gum graft: Gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis can result in the receding of gums and decay of gum tissues. A gum graft would be in order to replenish the volume of tissues in the gums, which is carried out through surgery.
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